Orszag 2009 (†511)Orszag, Peter R. "Open Government Directive: Memorandum for the Heads of Executive Departments and Agencies," (Open Governmenet Initiative, 2009).
- open government : The three principles of transparency, participation, and collaboration form the cornerstone of an open government. Transparency promotes accountability by providing the public with information about what the Government is doing. Participation allows members of the public to contribute ideas and expertise so that their government can make policies with the benefit of information that is widely dispersed in society. Collaboration improves the effectiveness of Government by encouraging partnerships and cooperation within the Federal Government, across levels of government, and between the Government and private institutions. (†800)
- open government : This memorandum requires executive departments and agencies to take the following steps toward the goal of creating a more open government: ¶ 1. Publish Government Information Online: To increase accountability, promote informed participation by the public, and create economic opportunity, each agency shall take prompt steps to expand access to information by making it available online in open formats. With respect to information, the presumption shall be in favor of openness (to the extent permitted by law and subject to valid privacy, confidentiality, security, or other restrictions). . . . ¶ 2. Improve the Quality of Government Information: To improve the quality of government information available to the public, senior leaders should make certain that the information conforms to OMB guidance on information quality3 and that adequate systems and processes are in place within the agencies to promote such conformity. . . . ¶ 3. Create and Institutionalize a Culture of Open Government: To create an unprecedented and sustained level of openness and accountability in every agency, senior leaders should strive to incorporate the values of transparency, participation, and collaboration into the ongoing work of their agency. Achieving a more open government will require the various professional disciplines within the Government – such as policy, legal, procurement, finance, and technology operations – to work together to define and to develop open government solutions. Integration of various disciplines facilitates organization-wide and lasting change in the way that Government works. . . . ¶ 4. Create an Enabling Policy Framework for Open Government: Emerging technologies open new forms of communication between a government and the people. It is important that policies evolve to realize the potential of technology for open government. (†801)