James 2013 (†520)James, Laura. "Defining Open Data." Open Knowledge Foundation Blog (3 October 2013).
- open : Open can apply to information from any source and about any topic. Anyone can release their data under an open license for free use by and benefit to the public. Although we may think mostly about government and public sector bodies releasing public information such as budgets or maps, or researchers sharing their results data and publications, any organisation can open information (corporations, universities, NGOs, startups, charities, community groups and individuals). . . . ¶ There are 2 important elements to openness: · Legal openness: you must be allowed to get the data legally, to build on it, and to share it. Legal openness is usually provided by applying an appropriate (open) license which allows for free access to and reuse of the data, or by placing data into the public domain. · Technical openness: there should be no technical barriers to using that data. For example, providing data as printouts on paper (or as tables in PDF documents) makes the information extremely difficult to work with. So the Open Definition has various requirements for “technical openness,” such as requiring that data be machine readable and available in bulk. (†815)
- open data : Open data is data that can be freely used, shared and built-on by anyone, anywhere, for any purpose. (†814)