Duranti 1997 (†758)Duranti, Luciana. "The Archival Bond," Archives and Museum Informatics 11 (1997), p. 213-218.
- archival bond (p. 215): At the core of archival science is the concept of archival bond, that is, the network of relationships that each record has with the records belonging in the same aggregation.8 The archival bond is originary, because it comes into existence when a record is created (i.e., when, after being made or received, it is set aside in the fonds of the physical or juridical person who made or received it for action or reference), necessary, because it exists for every record (i.e., a document can be considered a record only if it acquires an archival bond), and determined, because it is qualified by the function of the record in the documentary aggregation in which it belongs. The archival bond first arises when a record is set aside and thereby connected to another in the course of action, but it is incremental, because, as the connective tissue that joins a record to those surrounding it, it is in continuing formation and growth until the aggregation in which the record belongs is no longer subject to expansion, that is, until the activity producing such aggregation is completed. (†1914)
- archival bond (p. 216): Besides determining the structure of the archival fonds, the archival bond is the primary identifying component of each record, as several identical documents become as many distinct records after they acquire the archival bond. (†1915)
- archival bond (p. 217): Every record has a juridical-administrative context, a provenancial context, a procedural context, and a documentary context, if one proceeds from the general to the specific. But context is by definition outside the record, even if it conditions its meaning and, in time, its interpretation, while the archival bond is an essential part of the record, which would not exist without it. (†1916)
- archival bond (p. 217): The archival bond is expression of the development of the activity in which the document participates, rather than of the act that the document embodies (e.g., appointment, grant, request), because it contains within itself the direction of the cause-effect relationship. Therefore, the archival bond determines the meaning of the record. (†1917)
- archival description (p. 217): The archival bond determines the meaning of the record. . . . This is [one] reason why archival description, as the means of elucidating the nature of the archival bond in its documentary context, has been traditionally considered the primary way of perpetuating and authenticating the meaning of the records and, in times of ongoing migrations, is probably going to be the best method for ensuring their authenticity in the long term. (†1918)
- evidence (p. 214): In jurisprudence, and consequently in evidence laws, evidence is not an entity, but a relationship. It is the relationship shown to the judge of a fact between the fact to be proven and the fact that proves it. (†1913)