Duizend 2006 (†776)Van Duizend, Richard. "Guidelines For State Trial Courts Regarding DiscoveryOf Electronically-Stored Information" (Conference of Chief Justices, 2006).
- electronically stored information (p. v): Most documents today are in digital form. “Electronic (or digital) documents” refers to any information created, stored, or best utilized with computer technology of any sort, including business applications, such as word processing, databases, and spreadsheets; Internet applications, such as e-mail and the World Wide Web; devices attached to or peripheral to computers, such as printers, fax machines, pagers; web-enabled portable devices and cell phones; and media used to store computer data, such as disks, tapes, removable drives, CDs, and the like. There are significant differences, however, between conventional document (†1962)
- electronically stored information (p. 1): Electronically-stored information is any information created, stored, or best utilized with computer technology of any type. It includes but is not limited to data; word-processing documents; spreadsheets; presentation documents; graphics; animations; images; e-mail and instant messages (including attachments); audio, video, and audiovisual recordings; voicemail stored on databases; networks; computers and computer systems; servers; archives; back-up or disaster recovery systems; discs, CD’s, diskettes, drives, tapes, cartridges and other storage media; printers; the Internet; personal digital assistants; handheld wireless devices; cellular telephones; pagers; fax machines; and voicemail systems. . . . ¶ The definition of electronically-stored information is based on newly revised section 29 of the American Bar Association Standards Relating to Civil Discovery (August 2004). It is intended to include both on-screen information and system data and metadata that may not be readily viewable. The list included in the Guideline should be considered as illustrative rather than limiting, given the rapid changes in formats, media, devices, and systems. (†1963)