- RT: data
n. ~ IP2 · An assemblage of data intended for communication either through space or across time.
- IP2 Dictionary (†242 s.v. information): n., An assemblage of data intended for communication either through space or across time. [Archives] n., Recorded data. [Archives] n., An accusation exhibited against a person for some criminal offense, without indictment. [Archives] n., A message or knowledge which has been voluntarily or involuntarily conveyed. [Archives] n., An aggregate of data meant for communication. [Archives] n., Recorded data. Examples include: writing on a sheet of paper; the dyes on a photographic still; the sound in the grooves of a disc; the binary digits forming an E-Mail message. [Arts] n., Data presented in readily comprehensible form to which meaning has been attributed within the context of its use. In a more dynamic sense, the message conveyed by the use of a medium of communication or expression. [Computer and Information Sciences] n., All ideas, facts, and imaginative works of the mind which have been communicated, recorded, published and/or distributed formally or informally in any format. [Computer and Information Sciences] n., An assemblage of data in a comprehensible form capable of communication. [General Dictionaries] n., Knowledge communicated or received concerning a particular fact or circumstance. [General Dictionaries] n., Knowledge derived from study, experience, or instruction. [General Dictionaries]
- IP2 Glossary (†386 s.v. information): n., An assemblage of data intended for communication either through space or across time. [Archives ]
- SAA Glossary 2005 (†241 ): n. ~ 1. A collection of data, ideas, thoughts, or memories. - 2. The meaningful portion of a signal, as distinguished from noise. - 3. Law · Formal criminal charges against an individual made by a prosecutor without a grand jury.
- Wikipedia (†387 s.v. information): That which informs, i.e. an answer to a question, as well as that from which knowledge and data can be derived (as data represents values attributed to parameters, and knowledge signifies understanding of real things or abstract concepts). As it regards data, the information's existence is not necessarily coupled to an observer (it exists beyond an event horizon, for example), while in the case of knowledge, information requires a cognitive observer.
- CNSS-4009 (†730 p.35): Any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audiovisual. (†1733)
- Furht and Escalante 2010 (†583 p.86): In 2003, LexisNexis defined this issue as the “Data Gap”: the ability to gather information is far outpacing organizational capacity to use it effectively. Organizations build the applications to fill the storage they have available, and build the storage to fit the applications and data they have. But will organizations be able to do useful things with the information they have to gain full and innovative use of their untapped data resources? As organizational data grows, how will the “Data Gap” be addressed and bridged? (†1226)
- ISACA Glossary (†743 s.v. information): An asset that, like other important business assets, is essential to an enterprise’s business. It can exist in many forms. It can be printed or written on paper, stored electronically, transmitted by post or by using electronic means, shown on films, or spoken in conversation. (COBIT 5 perspective) (†1779)
- NIST 2013 (†734 p. B-9): Any communication or representation of knowledge such as facts, data, or opinions in any medium or form, including textual, numerical, graphic, cartographic, narrative, or audiovisual. [CNSSI 4009] (†1834)