Beall 2013 (†248)Beall, Jeffrey. "Beall's List of Predatory Publishers 2013." Scholarly Open Access (4 December 2012).
- open access : There are two lists below. The first includes questionable, scholarly open-access publishers. Each of these publishers has a portfolio that ranges from just a few to hundreds of individual journal titles. ¶ The second list includes individual journals that do not publish under the platform of any publisher – they are essentially independent, questionable journals. . . . ¶ There are still many high-quality journals available for scholars to publish in, including many that do not charge author processing fees. An additional option is author self-archiving of articles in discipline-specific and institutional repositories. (†217)