Existing Citations

  • cloud computing : They didn’t call it Cloud in 1925. It was the Tabulating Machine Service Division (TMSD) in this proposal presented to IBM CEO Thomas J. Watson, Sr. But at its core, TMSD was Cloud – the provision of data processing capability to clients who couldn’t or wouldn’t invest in building an internal data processing infrastructure. ¶ The proposal even offered the 1920s version of sending data to the Cloud … it included retaining the client’s punched cards for a year. (†307)