- DF: governance
n. ~ An operational-level administrative structure that focuses on the day-to-day, routine activities to achieve the organization's goals and objectives.
- Black's 9th 2009 (†382 s.v. management): The people in an organization who are vested with a certain amount of discretion and independent judgment in managing its affairs. Middle Management: People who exercise some discretion and independent judgement in carrying out top management's directives. Top Management: The highest level of a company's management, at which major policy decisions and long-term business plans are made.
- Black's 9th 2009 (†382 s.v. management): The people in an organization who are vested with a certain amount of discretion and independent judgement in managing its affairs. (†965)
- Chowdhury 2014 (†573 ): Management is mainly busy with day-to-day affairs whereas governance (the Board) is concerned with strategy and policy matters. . . . Management, on the other hand, deals with day-to-day relatively structured issues like demand forecasting, production, job scheduling, factory management, labour management, preparation of accounts and annual reports. The latter are subject-specific skills and tasks which are routine matters. (†961)
- ISACA Glossary (†743 s.v. management): Plans, builds, runs and monitors activities in alignment with the direction set by the governance body to achieve the enterprise objectives. (†1786)
- Kurian 2013 (†576 s.v. management): 1. Control of a company or organization with the goal of making it profitable and sustainable. The operation requires organizational and human relations skills that are different from entrepreneurial skills. Management is responsible for setting goals, overseeing change and growth, measuring performance, planning, cost control, pricing, conflict resolution, and quality control. 2. People involved in the operation of a company or organization, especially the higher echelons, knows as top management. Managers are accountable to the owners or shareholders for the conduct of business affairs. (†1077)
- Sage 2009 (†574 s.v. management): Broadly, the term refers to the directing and controlling of a group of people or entities, and the process used for the purpose of accomplishing a goal. During the early 20th century, Mary Parker Follett (1868-1933), who wrote on the topic, defined management as “the art of getting things done through people.” In an organization, management combines both policy and administration and the people who provide the decisions and supervision necessary to implement the organization's objectives. An organization can be a business, school, city, or governmental entity. Key functions of management often regarded as necessary to achieve the organization's goals include planning, organizing, budgeting, staffing, reporting, directing, and coordinating. These functions are applied throughout an organization regardless of type or orientation. (†966)
- Wikipedia (†387 s.v. management): Management in business and organizations is the function that coordinates the efforts of people to accomplish goals and objectives using available resources efficiently and effectively. Management comprises planning, organizing, staffing, leading or directing, and controlling an organization to accomplish the goal. (†963)
- World Bank, 2007 (†565 p.71): Management concerns the day-to-day operation of the program within the context of the strategies, policies, processes, and procedures that have been established by the governing body. Whereas governance is concerned with "doing the right thing," management is concerned with "doing things right" (Tricker). (†948)
- World Bank, 2007 (†565 p.73-74): Management functions vary by program size and type, partnership arrangement, legal arrangement, etc. While the proceeding list is not exhaustive, seven general functions...are as follows: program implementation, regulatory compliance, reviewing and reporting, administrative efficiency, stakeholder communication, learning, performance assessment. (†1099)