proprietary [English]

Syndetic Relationships

InterPARES Definition

adj. ~ Computing, IP2 · In reference to hardware technology, software applications and/or file formats, the state of being privately owned and controlled.

General Notes

A proprietary design or technique . . . implies that the company has not divulged specifications that would allow other companies to duplicate the product.

Other Definitions


  • Furht and Escalante 2010 (†583 p.8): Currently, most of the Cloud providers offer their own proprietary service protocols and information formats. As Cloud computing becomes mature and widely adopted, clients and consumer organizations would likely interact with more than one provider for various reasons, including finding the most cost effective solutions or acquiring a variety of services from different providers (e.g., compute providers or data providers). Cloud consumers will likely demand common protocols and standardized information formats for ease of federated usage and interoperability. (†1206)
  • Furht and Escalante 2010 (†583 p.407): However, existing commercial Cloud services are proprietary in nature. They are owned and operated by individual companies (public or private). Each of them has created its own closed network, which is expensive to setup and maintain. In addition, consumers are restricted to offerings from a single provider at a time and hence cannot use multiple or collaborative Cloud services at the same time (Coombe, 2009). (†1207)
  • International Records Management Trust 2009 (†572 s.v. proprietary softwared): In a computer environment, a computer format that is privately owned and controlled. (†1057)
  • Wikipedia (†387 s.v. proprietary software): Computer software licensed under exclusive legal right of the copyright holder with the intent that the licensee is given the right to use the software only under certain conditions, and restricted from other uses, such as modification, sharing, studying, redistribution, or reverse engineering.[][] Usually the source code of proprietary software is not made available. (†1047)